Identify Stomach Cancer Using Oral Rinse Microbiome: A Breakthrough in Early Detection

Identify Stomach Cancer Using Oral Rinse Microbiome

Oral Rinse Could Identify Bacteria Linked to Stomach Cancers

A simple oral rinse could one day provide early detection of stomach cancer, the fourth-leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide, according to a new study. Researchers found distinct differences in bacteria samples taken from the mouths of people with stomach cancer or pre-cancerous stomach conditions, compared with samples from healthy patients.

Unveiling the Connection Between Oral and Stomach Microbiomes

The study suggests that changes in the oral microbiome, the community of bacteria in the mouth, could be linked to the development of stomach cancer. “We see that the oral microbiome and the stomach microbiome are connected, and knowing what bugs are in your mouth tells us what the stomach environment is like,” said Dr. Shruthi Reddy Perati, a general surgery resident at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine. “That has a huge implication that could lead to some practice-changing tests and guidelines.”

Early Detection: A Key to Improving Outcomes

Researchers believe that an oral rinse test could provide an easy and non-invasive way to screen for stomach cancer, especially in people at high risk. “In the cancer world, if you find patients after they’ve developed cancer, it’s a little too late,” said Perati. “The ideal time to try to prevent cancer is when it’s just about to turn into cancer. We were able to identify people who had pre-cancerous conditions. As a screening and prevention tool, this has enormous potential.”

Identifying Key Bacteria Species

Based on their findings, the researchers developed a model highlighting 13 bacteria species that represent the most significant differences between healthy people and those on the road to stomach cancer. This model could help develop more accurate diagnostic tests in the future.

Further Research and Validation Needed

It’s important to note that these findings are preliminary and need to be validated through larger studies. However, the potential implications are significant, as early detection could lead to more effective treatments and improved survival rates for stomach cancer patients.

Conclusion: A Promising Step Towards Early Diagnosis

The study highlights the potential of using oral rinse samples to detect stomach cancer at an early stage. Further research is needed to confirm these findings and develop a clinically available test. However, this study provides a promising step towards improving the early diagnosis and treatment of stomach cancer.

also read:How do epilancins specifically target corynebacteria?

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